Collection experts point to classical furniture identification skills

The collection of classical furniture continues to heat up, and Chinese classical home elements are popular. Amoy "old furniture" seems to have become a trend, an investment. Even European old furniture has begun to compete in the old furniture market in Beijing. As the essence of China's classical furniture, Ming and Qing furniture has become a treasure collected by collectors because of its fine workmanship, cultural heritage and huge appreciation space. However, ancient furniture, like other cultural relics, has a falsification phenomenon, and the method of making fakes is becoming more and more sophisticated. The falsification of ancient furniture has become a thorny issue for every furniture collection, hobby and researcher.

Identify old wood furniture

There are two main methods for the falsification of old furniture of Chaimu: making traces of use and pieces of pieces made of antique furniture.

Traces of manufacturing use: Sprinkle rice water and tea water on the newly-made furniture, and then put it on the outdoor mud land, let it rain in the sun, after several times in two or three months, the wood grain will naturally crack. The cracks in the paint are cracked, and the color of the logs is dark. It shows a kind of old gas that has experienced the wind and rain. It seems that it has been concentrated in the past few hundred years, and it can deceive the layman. The water mark of the real thing is generally no more than one inch, and the fake is often more than a lot.

For some furniture with high frequency, such as tables and cabinets, the counterfeiters usually use the steel balls to wipe out the marks on the surface. After painting, they use the cups to burn out the imprints, and use the knife to draw a few marks. It looks like it is used. The same for decades.

In order to make a grout, some of the counterfeiters often use paint wax to make fakes, even using leather shoe polish. The naturally formed patina, which is not touched by the slightest chill, has a smooth and jade-like slippery feel, while the new patina has a sticky feeling of blocking the hand, and has a strange taste. If you look carefully, it is not difficult to tell the truth. This method is also one of the most common and effective methods.

In order to achieve a more realistic effect, some bosses also made a gap that was bitten by a mouse on the drawer of the furniture, or used the old material of the insect to do the key parts, and even more, the locusts were specially raised. Special effects.

Pieces of furniture: often use the characteristics of the wood is not easy to distinguish, the furniture made of poor wood, mixed with the furniture made of wood. Consumers who know the wood can easily compare the various components of the furniture. This kind of ancient furniture, which is neither non-negative, less practical, and lacking in collectible value, is easily deceived by ordinary people. It is also possible to use a complete collection of ancient furniture and general wood to be split into several pieces in order to obtain high profits. The specific method is to disassemble an ancient piece of furniture and then imitate one or more pieces according to the original form, then mix the old and new parts and assemble them into two or more pieces of furniture containing some old parts according to the original style. The most common example is to change a chair into a pair of chairs, all of which are old objects. This kind of pseudo-manual method is the worst, not only extremely deceptive, but also seriously destroys precious ancient artifacts.

Distinguish the ancient furniture of Ming and Qing

A piece of Ming and Qing old furniture should be judged from many factors such as material, year, integrity and exquisiteness. Zhu Guizhi reminds consumers that it is unscientific to judge independently by one factor.

The material of the old furniture can be determined by observing the wood grain. Some materials, such as Chinese wenge, red sandalwood, eucalyptus, fir, old mahogany and teak, oak, etc. commonly used in western furniture are still easily identifiable; Nail the nail in the dark, according to the hard and soft material to determine the variety; you can also take a look at the weight. If you have accumulated a certain amount of experience, you can roughly determine the material through the above three methods.

Determining the vintage of the old furniture, in addition to the material, the year is also an important factor in determining the value of the old furniture, which is especially important for enthusiasts.

Therefore, for the style and decoration of old furniture, I have to have a spectrum in my heart. The year can be estimated by examining the pattern. Some styles are very peculiar. There is no income in the general catalogue, so beware of points.

Sniffing through the nose is also a way. The new imitation home has a pungent smell of paint, but the old furniture does not have only a kind of Chen Suwei stuffed in the old house, or a mild musty smell. If it is high quality wood, it will also emit a unique fragrance.

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